International Workshop On China’s Model Forest Network Programme (solamente en inglés)

Linan, Zhejiang Province of China
29 March –2 April, 1999

1.0   Background
2.0   Workshop Objectives
3.0   Workshop Outputs
4.0   Working Group Discussion
5.0   Summary of the Working Group Discussion
6.0   Next Steps
7.0   Synthesis Report to Workshop Plenary
8.0   Post-workshop Discussions
Annexe 1:  Agenda 
Annexe 2 :  Participants of the Linan Workshop

1.0   Background

The international workshop on China’s Model Forest Network was held in Linan County of Zhejiang Province from 29th March to 2nd April, 1999. The Chinese Academy of Forestry (CAF) and the Forestry Bureau of Linan, Zhejiang Province, China jointly hosted the event, with sponsorship from the International Model Forest Network Secretariat (IMFNs) and the Canadian Forest Service (CFS). In total, some 80 participants from China, Canada and a number of international organizations attended the workshop.

Programs aimed at testing and demonstrating new approaches to Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) are increasingly being applied at the field-level by a range of countries. The International Model Forest Network (IMFN) initiative, which originated in Canada, has been widely accepted and promoted in a number of countries around the world. It is deemed appropriate that field level initiatives of this nature be expanded to more countries and key forest regions. This will further support the cooperative pursuit of SFM on a global scale through the exchange of experience and knowledge. Networking in this form also supports the efficient and effective utilization of limited human and financial resources.

In April 1997, the Ministry of Forestry (MOF) of China forwarded a proposal for the establishment of a model forest in China to the International Model Forest Network Secretariat (IMFNS) via the Canadian Forest Service (CFS). The proposal identified a site for the model forest in Linan County approximately 250 km southwest of Shanghai.

Subsequently, in September 1997, a mission led by Mr. Douglas Ketcheson from the CFS visited China to discuss a range of forestry-related issues. These included Chinese participation in the IMFN. Upon completion of this mission Chinese officials held internal discussions to further define the potential model forest site, identify project-funding sources, and plan for the subsequent steps. These internal discussions reconfirmed China’s interests to join the Network and assigned responsibility for the development of model forests in China to the Chinese Academy of Forestry (CAF). At a meeting with IMFNS and CFS staff in March 1998, in Tokyo, it was agreed that the CAF/CFS/IMFN jointly sponsor a workshop to assist in the development of a Chinese Model Forest. Following this, in April 1998, a planning workshop on China Model Forest Program was held in Linan. The workshop dealt with:

  • The outline on the draft proposal on China Model Forest Network Program
  • Potential partnership
  • Program management
  • Next steps in establishing a Model Forest Network in China

In January 1999, Mr. Richard Baerg, Deputy Executive Director of IMFNs visited China for discussions with the China Model Forest Network (CHMFN) Secretariat to organize the proposed international workshop.

2.0   Workshop Objectives

The objectives of the Linan workshop were: 
 

  • To ensure that all participants in the Linan Model Forest were made fully aware of and understood the Model Forest concept and examples of its implementation; 
  • To ensure that the best technical expertise is brought to bear in development and delivery of the proposed Model Forest, including defining its objectives, and specifying priority activities within the proposed MF area; 
  • To identify areas of expertise and capacities from within the IMFN that are directly related to activities proposed for the Linan Model Forest and to seek to explore potential linkages that are of mutual benefit;
  • To establish contacts and linkages between partners in the proposed Chinese Model Forest and the international donor community and to deliberate and exchange views on practical options for effectively enhancing international cooperation.


The workshop provided participants with two and one-half days of presentations and one and one-half days of field visits. Workshop activities included presentations and discussions on: 
 

  • The status and progress of sustainable forest management in China; 
  • The forestry development strategy of Zhejiang Province;
  • Problems and opportunities in the implementation of SFM in Linan Model Forest; 
  • The Model Forest concept; 
  • The experience of the Canadian Model Forest Network; 
  • Linan Model Forest’s development priorities;
  • Recommendations and suggestions for consideration by proponents of the Linan Model Forest;


3.0   Workshop Outputs

The workshop outputs included:

1.   An expanded knowledge at the local level of the model forest concept;

2.   Acquisition of information required by the Linan Model Forest partnership to finalize its proposal and concurrently begin working as a partnership in developing and implementing field level activities; 

3.   Identification of potential linkages and areas of common interest with partners external to the local region, including the IMFN.

4.0   Working Group Discussion

The workshop participants were divided into two working groups. Each group was led by one Chair with discussion supported by three facilitators. Questions and guidelines for the working group discussion were developed as follows:

  • In the context of SFM, what are the current needs and aspirations of local communities and the people of Linan County? (Presentations and field visits) 
  • What are the constraints in addressing or achieving the above? (Presentations, field visits and discussions) 
  • Does the Linan Model Forest proposal meet the needs and deal with the constraints identified and is the proposed partnership appropriate? (Workgroups)
  • Identify potential linkages and areas of common interest with partners external to the local region, including donors and the IMFN. (Workgroups)

5.0   Summary of the Working Group Discussion

5.1   In the context of SFM, what are the current needs and aspirations of local communities and peoples of Linan County?
 

  • Charcoal production had been forbidden for reasons of water conservation, but farmers are not being given alternatives or compensation;
  • SFM that responds only to environmental values without responding to the economic and social needs of the population will not work. There must be an economic benefit for the people;
  • Plentiful bamboo resources but capacity for processing is quite low so that the market prices of bamboo and bamboo products are low. There is a need to increase capacity and skills in this sector as well to introduce new or improved cash species so as to increase the economic benefit;
  • SFM should combine with agricultural development and technology transfer, backstop and training of farmers particularly for SFM considerations are needed. 
  • There is need to improve equipment and facilities because of current low rates of resource-utilization and inadequate value-added;
  • Water quality is a high environmental priority; 
  • Establishment of social service organizations for forestry
  • Techniques of biodiversity development, biological control of pest and disease
  • Multiple purpose utilization of forest resource
  • Monitoring and evaluation system of forest resource
  • Training of farmers, technicians and local leaders


5.2.   What are the constraints in addressing or achieving the above?
 

  • Taxes and fees on harvesting and production are too high;
  • The region suffers from a surplus of labour;
  • Villages lack funds to manage resources effectively;
  • There is a negative association (fear) of policy change which means that farmers are unwilling to invest in change;
  • Inability to make effective evaluation of the trade-offs and costs for SFM-related choices;
  • Lack of policy for development and protection of water resources and lack of economic compensation or incentive for the local communities and industries to improve use;
  • Inability to pay for the options identified;
  • Need to get real and practical benefit from the model forest network. (i.e. options, methodologies, experience);
  • Conflict among different government departments (i.e. agriculture, industry, environment);
  • High population and limited land.
  • Lack of capacity to manage collectively owned land (skills, money and accountability);
  • Different ownership structures between townships means that there are varying levels of preparedness for reform or change.
  • Inadequate market information and analysis/prognosis.
  • Lack of capital investment
  • Shortsighted decision-makers and imperfect decision-making process
  • Shortsighted behavior of forest managers
  • Unfair benefit sharing


5.3.   Does the Linan Model Forest proposal meets the needs and deal with the constraints identified and is the proposed partnership appropriate?
 

  • It is a good start and contains all necessary components. Identifying specific activities may be something that comes after the partnership has formed and has had time to debate the issues;
  • Model Forests can play a part in creating a relationship of trust between the players. Additionally, one of the most important reasons for establishing a model forest is for the transfer of technology and know-how on things such as measuring trade-offs, identifying options and considering new or revised policies;
  • The current MF proposal contains too many objectives: they should be selected according to locally identified priorities and those which will bring benefit to local communities;
  • There is a need to identify objectives that are specific to this area;
  • The chart describing the proposed organizational structure of the Linan Model Forest does not include local leadership in any area;
  • The proposal could include a component/program area on policy analysis and review;
  • The proposal could benefit from a communications/education component to work at the administrative level and at the village/farmer level;
  • The program should build-in an evaluation component for the end of the first phase that reflects upon the constraints identified; 
  • The next stage is to identify a way to put it into practice;
  • Within components 3.4.3 (Improving Degraded Lands) and 3.4.4 (Biodiversity Conservation and Development) more stress should be placed more directly on the need to improve silvicultural methods and practices with respect to timber production;
  • The project could benefit from an environmental education component for students;
  • Revise point 2.2:  To test new decision-making and policy-making processes in SFM.


5.4   Is the partnership appropriate?
 

  • The Research Institute for Rural Development (RIRD) in Hangzhou is not included but should be because of its capacity to address some of the issues identified. The province has 48 counties and the RIRD could be used to create a network that would have a positive impact; 
  • Because of fear of policy change among farmers and private holders, it is important to include them in the partnership so that they understand and support the changes that may be proposed;
  • Township level representation appears to be missing;
  • Irrigation and hydroelectricity departments are important partners who should be included;
  • The Linan City Agricultural Department, and the Science and Technology Council of Linan City should be partners;
  • For reasons of autonomy it may not be appropriate for representatives of international organizations to be formally part of the partnership committee, as proposed. However, recognizing their importance, an access point - advisory or other - should be identified;
  • Some social science institutes and groups should be included in the partnership;
  • Add a component relevant to compensation systems for forest ecological benefits;
  • Add a research component on techniques on pest and disease control;
  • Add a component on evaluation and development techniques for non-timber forest products.


5.5   What are the potential linkages and areas of common interest with partners external to the local region, including donors and the IMFN?
 

  • Building a model forest (for example, project design, partnership building or conflict resolution); 
  • Technical assistance at a project/program level, or at the donor level for:
    • Training;
    • Improving capacity and processes for more effective decision-making;
    • Information, experience and technology exchange and sharing;
    • Muti- purpose development of wood and non-wood resource;
    • Establishment of a long-term monitoring system.
  • As the program develops linkages, areas of linkage and partners to link with should become easier to identify;
  • Identify opportunities for building consortia of donors (i.e. program components supported by different donors).


6.0   Next Steps:
 

  • Establish a project management committee or system to further develop the initiative;
  • Establish on-going contact with the potential partners;
  • Work out the project plans according to the objectives identified and within the budget;
  • Strengthen international cooperation and familiarization with the concept and operation of MF; 
  • Find financial support for the initial model forest in Linan;
  • Establish linkages with other model forest network countries through the IMFN Secretariat;
  • Identify the core group (locally and nationally) who will be dedicated to bringing all of the project components and inputs successfully together.


7.0    Synthesis Report to Workshop Plenary

7.1    Preliminary points:

The points listed below are in addition to those made in the proposal for establishment of a Model Forest in Linan County, which was supported by workshop participants.
 

  • There were many issues listed during the working group discussions and thought should be given as to which issues can or should be addressed by a model forest and which fall outside of what a model forest might do;
  • Further review of the working group reports may identify additional recommendations and observations of value to project proponents;
  • The model forest is seen as needing to provide economic benefit to local people and, where changes to their resource use is recommended, alternatives must be provided;
  • Within the resource sector, and including agriculture, there is a need to increase skills, improve technology and diversify activities. The model forest can play a role in achieving these goals.  Model Forests should not be expected to resolve some social problems;
  • Policies on resource fees and taxes can be reviewed and analyzed within the model forest initiative, with a view of identifying incentives for improved (sustainable) resource use;
  • The model forest project will need to address multiple resource values, such as water and better utilization of biological resources;
  • The model forest process can be a positive influence in helping participants take part in the resources decision-making process and thereby view change within the sector less negatively;
  • The model forest project should include activities to monitor and assess the quality of biological resources;
  • The model forest can be a useful forum for identifying training needs and facilitating their delivery to target groups.


7.2   Workshop participants support the proposal with the following recommendations for next steps:

  • Give additional attention to increasing the proposed partnership with a view to greater local participation along the lines of recommendations annexed in the working group reports;
  • Recommend that a technical committee, composed of local and national representatives, be organized to further develop this proposal for implementation. The committee should act to bring together a full partnership, and be led by key supporters at both levels;
  • Among activities recommended for the technical committee will be finalization of the proposal, prioritization of activities, and identification of opportunities for linking with model forests, the IMFN and other international agencies to facilitate program delivery.


8.0   Post-workshop Discussions

On 9 April 1999, Mr. Frederick Johnson, Executive Director of the IMFNs, Dr. Daniel Welsh, Program Director of the Canadian Forest Service, and Dr. Louis Lapierre, President of the Fundy Model Forest met in Beijing with representatives of the State Forestry Administration of China, the leader of Chinese Academy of Forestry and the staff of the China Model Forest Secretariat. The post-workshop discussion focus on:
 

  • Review of findings from the Linan Workshop;
  • Discussion of the next steps. 


The discussion reached the agreement on the following steps:
 

  • Refining the proposal according to the Linan workshop recommendations;
  • Getting the financial support from the Canadian Forest Service to support the secretariat of CHMFN and the Linan Secretariat, partnership establishment, and pre-project research;
  • The China Model Forest delegation will visit the Canada Model Forest in September 1999.  The visit will be supported by the Canadian Forest Service;
  • Publication of the Chinese version of the IMFN;
  • Partnership committee in Linan;
  • The State Forestry Administration of China will be the contact relevant to the government affairs.


Annexe 1:

Agenda
The International Workshop on 
China’s Model Forest Network

Linan of Zhejiang Province, China
March 29 – April 2, 1999

 

Monday, 29 March 1999

19:00-                Welcoming Reception 

Tuesday, 30 March 1999

Morning    (Moderator:  Prof. Zhang Shougong, Vice President of CAF)

08:30 - 09:30    Opening Ceremony and Welcoming Address

-  Prof. Xiong Yaoguo, Vice President of CAF
-  Mr. Fredrick Johnson, Executive Director of IMFN
-  Mr. Zhang Jianhua, Mayor of Linan 
-  Mr. Chen Weishan, Director General of Forestry Department of Zhejiang Province
-  Prof. Zhu Zhaohua, Deputy DG of INBAR and Senior Consultant of China Model Forest


09:30 - 10:00  Coffee/Tea Break

10:00 - 12:00
 

-  The notes from Secretariat (Mr. Jiang Chunqian, Chief of China Model Forest Secretariat)
-  The Status on the Sustainable Forest Management in China (Prof. Xong Yaoguo)
-  A Report on the International Model Forest Network (Mr. F. Johnson, Executive Director of IMFNS and Mr. Peter Besseau, IMFNS)


12:00 - 13:50  Lunch 

Afternoon  (Moderator Mr. F. Johnson

14:00 - 15:30
 

-  Progress in Other Demonstration Sites on SFM in China (Sustainable Forestry Development & Research Centre?
-  Outline of Forestry Development in Zhejiang Province of China (The Forestry Department of Zhejiang Province)
-  The Status, Problems and Opportunities of Forest Management in Linan (Linan Forestry Bureau)


15:30 - 15:50  Coffee/Tea Break

15:50 - 17:20
 

-  Current Research Findings on Forest Management in Linan (Forest College of Zhejiang Province)
-  Policy Reform Related to Forestry (Mrs. Shen Yueqing, Forest College of Zhejiang)
-  The Practice on Forest Management in Linmu Township (Miss Li Yuzhen, INFORTRACE of CAF)


Wednesday, 31 March 1999 

08:00 - 16:50  Field Visit to Linmu Township (Mr. Jiang Chunqian)

Thursday, 1 April 1999 

Morning    (Moderator: Prof. Zhang Shougong) 

08:30 - 10:45

-  The Canadian Model Forest Network – Its Evolution and Current Status (Dr. Dan Welsh, Director of Programs, Canadian Forest Service)
-  The Fundy Model Forest – A Case Study in Implementing the Model Forest Concept (Dr. Louis Lapierre, President, Fundy Model Forest)
-  The Proposal Framework on Linan Model Forest (Mr. Jiang Chunqian, Secretariat of China Model Forest Program)


10:45 - 11:00   Coffee/Tea Break

11:00 - 11:40    Discussion on Presentations

11:40 - 13:30    Lunch

13:50 - 17:30    Field Trip to Tianmu Mountain Reserve (Mr. Jiang               Chunqian)
 

Friday, 2 April 1999 

08:30 - 09:00   CAF/IMFNS: Instruction to Working Group Discussion

09:30 - 11:30   Group Discussion on the Proposal

11:40 - 13:30   Lunch

13:30 - 14:15   Working Group Reports (Moderator: Prof. Zhu Zhaohua)

14:15 - 15:00  Discussion

15:00 - 15:20  Coffee Break
15:20 - 16:00  Networking Opportunities Discussion and Donor Comments

16:00 - 16:10  Closing Ceremony 

Saturday, 3 April 1999

Departure of the Participants
 

 

Annexe 2

Participants of the Linan Workshop


 

1.  Mr. Frederick Johnson, Executive Director, International Model Forest Network, 250 Albert Street, Ottawa, Canada 
Tel :  (613)236-6163 ext 2521; Fax :  (613)234-7457;
e-mail:  Fjohnson@idrc.ca

2.  Mr. Daniel Welsh, Director of Programs, Industry, Economics and Program Branch, Canadian Forest Service, Ottawa, Ontario
Tel:  1-613 226 4202; Fax:  (613) 947 7399; e-mail:  dwelsh@nrcan.gc.ca

3.  Mr. Louis Lapierre, President, Fundy Model Forest, c/o University of Moncton, Biology Department, Moncton, New Brunswick 
Tel:  1-506-383-9523; Fax:  1-506-855-1913; 
e-mail:  Lapieri@umoncton.ca

4.  Mr. Douglas Henderson, Counsellor, Canadian Embassy, 19 Dongzhimenwai Dajie, Beijing, 100600
Tel :  86-10-6532-3536 ext.  3452; Fax :  86-10-6532-3167;
e-mail:  Hendersons41@hotmail.co.

5.  Mr. Peter Besseau, Senior Program Officer, International Model Forest Network, 250 Albert Street, Ottawa  Canada
Tel:  1-613-259-0225 ext. 2351; Fax:  1-613-234-7457;
e-mail:  Pbesseau@idrc.ca

6.  Ms. Gu Yaoqin, Canadian Embassy, 19 Dongzhimenwai Dajie, Beijing 100600
Tel :  010-65323536; Fax:  010-65324072

7.  Mr. Luan Shenqiang, Project Coordinator, GTZ, Hui Xin Dong Jie, 12, Huade Apartment 1503, Beijing
Tel:  010-64917879; Fax:  010-64917882 
e-mail:  TZPV6@public.netchina.com.cn

8.  Mr. Robert Geissler, Project Associate, No. 6 North Gacan Road, Xishuangbanna, Nature Reserve Bureau, 666100
Tel:  0691-2148754; Fax:  0691-2148052; 
e-mail:   Robkat@bn.yn.cninfo.net

9.  Mr. Von Hahn Carl-Gustau, Teamleader, GTZ, Tropical Forest Protection Hainan, Haikou, Hainan
Tel:  0898-5356157; Fax:  0898-5357491

10.  Mr. Cherla Sastry,  International Network for Bamboo and Rattan, Branch Box 155, P.O. Box 9799, Beijing 100101, China
Tel:  86-10-64956982; Fax:  86-10-64956982 

11.  Mr. Zhu Zhaohua,  International Network for Bamboo and Rattan, Branch Box 155, P.O. Box 9799, Beijing 100101, China 
Tel:  86-10-64956982; Fax:  86-10-64956983
e-mail:  Zhzhu@inbar.org.cn

12.  Mr. Efransjah,  Projects Manager,  ITTO, Pacifico Yokohama, 5-F, 1-1, Minato Mirai, Nishi-Ku, Yokohama 220, Japan
Tel:  (81-45)223 1110; Fax:  (81-45)223 1111
e-mail:  Efran@yha.att.ne.jp

13.  Mr. Jira Jintanugool, Director, Forest Management and Economic Research Division, Royal Forest Department, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand Tel:  662-579-8884; Fax:  662-579-8626

14.  Mr. Cheng Weishan, Director, Forestry Department of Zhejiang Province, No. 10, Caihe Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China 
Tel:  86-0571-6041722-1211; Fax:  86-0571-6041124 

15.  Mr. Duan Mubin,  Academy of Agriculture of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China

16.  Mr. Ge Huaping, Linan Forestry Bureau, Linan of Zhejiang Province, China
Tel:  86-571-3719614 

17.  Mr. Hong Zhongdong,  Linan Forestry Bureau, Linan of Zhejiang Province, China 
Tel:  86-571-3661994 

18.  Mr. Chen Yade, Forestry and Hydrant Bureau of Hangzhou, Zhejiang of China 
Tel:  86-0571-6040718; Fax:  86-0571-6041124 

19.  Mr. Jiang Chunqian,  Chief, Secretariat of China Model Forest, Beijing 100091, China 
Tel:  86-10-62889093/94; Fax:  86-10-62884229
e-mail:  Jiangchq@caf.forestry.ac.cn

20.  Ms. Ge Yuhang, International Cooperation Division, CAF, Beijing 100091, China 
Tel:  86-10-62889091 Fax:  86-10-62584229
e-mail:  Geyuhang@caf.forestry.ac.cn

21.  Mr. Liu Wei, Linlong Forestry Station, Forestry Bureau of Linan, Zhejiang of China 
Tel:  86-0571-3724101; Fax:  86-05713713575

22.  Mr. Lou Tao, Director, Linlong Forestry Station, Forestry Bureau of Linan, Zhejiang of China
Tel:  86-0571-3721492; Fax:  86-05713713575 

23. Ms. Li Yuzhen, International Farm Forestry Training Centre, CAF 
Tel:  86-10-62889094; Fax:  86-10-62888345
e-mail:  Yzhli@caf.forestry.ac.cn

24.  Mr. Lou Qingshan, Forestry Bureau of Linan, Zhejiang of China 

25. Ms. Shen Yueqin, Zhejiang Forestry College, No.2, Yijin Road, Linan, Zhejiang of China 
Tel:  86-571-3723544 ext. 2195; e-mail:   Shenyueqin@263.net

26.  Mr. Tang Mingrong,  Deputy Director, Linan Forestry Bureau, Linan, Zhejiang of China
Tel:  86-571-3713575 

27.  Mr. Wang Anguo, Linan Forestry Bureau, Linan, Zhejiang of China 

28.  Mr. Wu Jinwei, Linmu township, Linan, Zhejiang of China 
Tel:  86-571-3790001 

29.  Mr. Xu Jinxian, Bureau of Environment Protection of Linan, Zhejiang of China 

30.  Mr. Xia Yuyun, Baisha Village, Linmu Township, Linan, Zhejiang of China 

31.  Mr. Zhou Guomo, Deputy Dean, Zhejiang Forestry College, Linan, Zhejiang of China
Tel:  86-571-3723544 ext. 2002; Fax:  86-571-3711464 
e-mail:  Zhougm@263.net

32.  Mr. Zhan Senliang, Yuqian Forestry Station, Linan Forestry Bureau, Zhejiang of China
Tel:  86-5713882513 

33.  Mr. Zhan Shouming, Linan Tourist Bureau, Linan, Zhejiang of China Tel:  86-571-3724991 

34.  Mr. Zhang Jinma, National School of Administration of People’s Republic of China, Beijing 100872, China
Tel:  86-10-68929064 (O);  010-62512719 (H) 

35.  Mr. Zhang Xiangshu,  No. 27, 16 Buiding, Jingyuan, Renming University, Beijing, China
Tel:  86-10-62513529 (O); 10-65212907 (H) 

36.  Mr. Zhang Shougong, Vice President of Chinese Academy of Forestry Tel:  86-10-62889008 

37.  Mr. Zhang Bei, Institute of Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China 
Tel:  86-10-62889685 

38.  Mr. Zheng Xiaolin, Linan Forestry Service Centre, Zhejiang of China Tel:  86-571-3724364; Fax:  86-571-3712147 

39.  Mr. Zhou Bin, Changbei Forestry Station, Linan Forestry Bureau, Zhejiang of China
Tel:  86-571-3636407 

40.  Mr. Zhu Chunquan, Institute of Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China 
Tel:  86-10-62889050; e-mail:   Zhcq@rif.forestry.ac.cn

41.  Mr. Zhang Jianhua,  Mayor of Linan, Zhejiang Province of China 
42. Mr. Xiong Yaoguo, Vice President, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China 

43.  Mr. Zhang Jianguo, Deputy Director, Institute of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China 

44.  Mr. Fu Maoyi, Institute of Subtropical Forestry, Fuyang, Zhejiang, China 
Tel:  86-571-3310001; Fax:  86-571-3341304;
e-mail:  Risf@fyptt.zjpta.cn

45.  Lou Yiping, Institute of Subtropical Forestry, Fuyang, Zhejiang, China Tel:  86-10-64956982; Fax:  86-10-64956983; 
e-mail:  Yplou@inbar.org.cn

46.  Mr. Zhei Mingpu,  Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China 
Tel:  86-10-62338966 

47.  Mr. Wang Haojie,  Institute of Subtropical Forestry, Fuyang, Zhejiang, China 

48.  Mr. Chen Xiangwei,  Northeast Forestry Unversity, Haerbin, Helongjiang, China 
Tel:  86-451-2190614; e-mail:  Wzqsilv@public.hr.hl.cn

49.  Mr. Luo Weixiang, Forestry Academy of Shannxi Province, Shannxi, China
Tel:  86-571-3310001; Fax:  86-571-3341304 

50.  Ms. Qian Xiaoming, Biology Department, Xiamen Unversity, Xiamen City, Fujian Province, China
Tel:  86-592-2180067 

51.  Mr. Xu Shaoyuan,  Zhejiang Forestry College, Linan, Zhejiang, China Tel:  86-571-3723544 ext. 3015; Fax:  86-571-3711464 

52.  Mr. Li Guojiang, Maoershan Forestry Farm, Shangzhi City, Helongjiang Province, China
Tel:  86-451-3302609

53.  Mr. Pan Chenwen, Tianmu Mountain Reserve Bureau, Zhejing, China Tel:  86-571-3851338 

54.  Mr. Cheng Cenji, Fujian Forestry College, Nanpin, Fujian, China 
Tel:  86-599-8500838